Claim 6

ELPA performance levels reflect meaningful differences in students’ English language proficiency.

Underlying assumptions: Depending on context and interest, states could test the following underlying assumptions to evaluate this claim: Related claims:

For the ELPA proficiency levels to reflect meaningful differences in students’ English language proficiency, Claims 4 and 5 must also hold true. The ELPA must be administered and scored as intended (Claim 4) consistently for every student, and the ELPA must be designed to yield scores that reflect students’ knowledge and skills in relation to academic English expectations defined in ELD/P standards (Claim 5). Finally, Claim 6 directly supports Claim 7 (ELPA scores accurately reflect students’ proficiency in the academic English necessary to participate fully in instructional discourse conducted in English).