Claim 1

Students have been appropriately identified to participate in the ELP program and assessment.

Underlying assumptions: Depending on context and interest, states could test the following underlying assumptions to evaluate this claim: Related claims:

Claim 1 is a “precursor/context” claim that sets the foundation for the valid interpretation and use of assessment scores. For ELPA scores to accurately reflect students’ proficiency in academic English (Claim 7), it must be the case that the population taking the assessment includes all and only those students for whom it was designed and intended.